Thứ Sáu, 19 tháng 4, 2019

Investment Capital Account of Foreign Investors in Vietnam

BY Thuy Linh Pham IN , , , , No comments

According to Vietnam laws, any transaction relating to direct or indirect investment operation of foreigner must be implemented by an investment capital account opened in a licensed bank which is commercial bank or branch of foreign bank permitted to trade and supply foreign exchange service according to legal provisions. It is imperative that, the foreign exchange control in Vietnam is strictly regulated, it is suggested the investors whom invest in Vietnam to consult with banking lawyers in Vietnam to receive legal advice on transaction in the activities of investment through direct investment or M&A transactions.
In particular, the regulations on investment capital account of foreign investor are set forth in Circular No. 05/2014/TT-NHNN dated on March 12th, 2014 of the State Bank of Vietnam guiding the opening and use of indirectly- invested capital accounts for implementation of foreign indirect investment activities in Vietnam and Circular No. 19/2014/TT-NHNN dated on August 11th, 2014 of the State Bank of Vietnam guiding the foreign exchange management for the foreign direct investment in Vietnam.

What is Foreign Direct Investment?
Foreign direct investment in Vietnam means the transfer of capital for investment and participation in the management of investment activities in Vietnam by foreign investors.
The subject matters governed by Circular No. 19/2014/TT-NHNN include residents which are enterprises receiving the direct foreign investment; non-residents involved in the business cooperation agreement in Vietnam; non-residents who are foreign investors of FDI enterprises; organizations, individuals regarding the foreign direct investment in Vietnam.
The invested capital contribution of foreign and Vietnamese investors into an FDI enterprise must be performed in the form of money transfer into the direct investment accounts. In order to perform the foreign direct investment activities in Vietnam, FDI enterprise and foreigner participating in business cooperation contract are entitled to open their foreign currency and Vietnamese dong account of direct investment at a licensed bank.
What is Foreign Indirect Investment?
Foreign indirect investment in Vietnam means the investment into Vietnam by foreign investors through purchase and sale of securities, other valuable papers, contribution of capital and purchase of shares, and through securities investment funds, other intermediary financial institutions in accordance with the law of Vietnam but without direct participation in management of investment activities.
The subject matters governed by Circular 05/2014/TT-NHNN include foreign investors who are nonresidents conducting indirect investment activities in Vietnam; and organizations and individuals who are related to indirect investment activities in Vietnam. It means that this Circular does not govern foreign investors being residents who are foreign organizations and individuals. These subject mattes conduct indirect investment activities in Vietnam according to prevailing legal provisions on securities and other relevant normative legal documents.
All indirect investment activities of foreign investors in Vietnam must be conducted in Vietnam Dong. Transactions relating to foreign indirect investment activities must be conducted through an indirectly-invested capital account opened at a licensed bank.

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